Camping trips, hiking out, walking tours, backpacking and other outdoor activities require usage of specific equipment and tools. There are many types of equipment available to lovers of nature who prefer to spend time communing with the outdoors. The selection of equipment is based on a number of factors, including the kind of environment, the distance and duration of travel, and the planned activities. Another important factor that influences the choice of equipment is the current set of local regulations that govern the site, all of which are intended to minimize the human impact on the environment. The following are guidelines to assist hikers, campers, and trekkers in planning for their next outdoor sojourn, specifically in choosing basic equipment.
Basic equipment options for temporary shelter and effective protection from the elements
A high performance four-season tent may provide the best kind of protection from the elements. This kind of tent offers users an effective shelter while they are out of doors, and when coupled with a complete sleep-system, the shelter can offer an environment that is warm, cozy, and comfortable. Many types of tents are available in the market. The choice depends on the nature of the environment, the climate, and the duration of stay.
Aside from tents, hikers who intend to stay out overnight can opt for a tarp and wool blanket, if the nighttime temperature does not fall to such a level that risks hypothermia. A sleeping bag may do the trick, or in more challenging environments, a basic sleeping bag may be modified to provide better protection to the user with the addition of bag liners, compression sacks, and ground sheet. Meanwhile, some campers and trekkers prefer to sleep on hammocks. Others bring with them a bivouac shelter or a jungle shelter that is specifically designed for use in tropical rainforest environments.
Tips on carrying, storing, and sourcing potable water
Since water found in the wild is possibly undrinkable, one of the most important aspects of preparing for an outdoor trekking or camping is ensuring that the party carries an adequate amount of water that is potable and safe to drink. In the outdoors, an average adult usually consume two to four liters per day. Each liter of water weighs approximately one kilogram. The amount of water to be brought must be determined in relation to the carrying capacity of the people who will be drinking the available supply. Clean water containers must be procured and examined before water is stored in order to ensure that the supply will not be contaminated. Aside from planning for and preparing the right amount water for the duration of the trip, it is useful to have a working knowledge of the geographical layout of the area, particularly on the locations of possible sources of drinking water. This is especially important if the trek or hike is set in arid areas. Knowing the location of natural water cisterns and reservoirs, as well as the quickest route to sources of drinking water could spell the difference between life and death in survival situations.